Were certain kinds of individuals sitting at tables for lunch every day while at junior high school or high school while eating a meal?? Why do you believe people are forming groups and staying with individuals they think are similar? Could you provide an example? If you predict why something takes place in a social group, you could claim that you have a hypothesis about how social groups work. This course will expose students to four major theoretical guidelines in sociology, as well as to the significance of theory in social sciences.
Let’s have a little explanation, to begin with. A theory often explains how and why things function or how the world operates. If we had no theories, we would simply have a huge list of individual preferences, choices, or individuals, but there would be no way to organize the field. Overarching patterns may be seen in a wide range of social behaviors and choices via the application of theories.
In this lesson, you will study the four main sociological theories: structural-functional theory, the theory of social conflict, feminism, and the theory of symbolic interaction. Each of these concepts will be examined briefly.
This perspective views society as a complex, linked system, in which each component contributes to the system’s overall functioning. The human body is a paradigm of the structural and functional approach to learning and education. The body consists of numerous organs, including limbs, legs, heart, brain, etc. Although each of the physiological components has its own set of neurons and operating mechanisms, these components must all work together to create a completely functional structure or system. What are the numerous existing social structures or systems? Governments, companies, schools, and families are all likely to come to mind. All these systems must operate in unison to ensure that a civilization functions successfully.
Consider each of our four ideas from the viewpoint of a particular instance so that they may be remembered more readily. We will make use of the athletics chance. In which sports would you utilize the structural or theoretical approach? What instances are there? Each team must consist of a variety of operating components to succeed, each of which must be able to operate together and alone. Take, for instance, the football sport I had played throughout my high school years. Naturally, there will be a number of positions in the squad, including strikers, defendants, and the goalie, among others.
Although you need a coach, referees, and someone to pay for equipment, it’s not very enjoyable to play without an audience. Each component has its own set of rules and procedures to follow to work. For example, the audience must know when and how to applaud, how to buy food, and where to sit. In order to function properly, the system has to communicate and collaborate with all of its numerous components. The structural-functional theory analyses how one component of a broader social context interacts in the environment with others.
Social standards serve a range of objectives.
In addition to the fact that it earns money by selling and entertaining us, the media also contributes to socialize us and helps us transmit standards, values, and beliefs to future generations. In fact, we are socialized and socialized throughout our lives by the media. The media supply us with cultural touchstones during major events as well as daily life. How many of your senior family when the space shuttle Challenger exploded on national TV in 1986? How many people studied the textbook at a time when they saw or read on TV or the Internet the events of 11 September or Hurricane Katrina?
A significant period has elapsed since the initial introduction of the concept of technological determinism. In the 18th and 19th centuries, the expansion of the biological and social sciences, as well as popular interest in new ideas and advances, lay the way for the development of technological determinism in the 19th century. According to technical determinism, human and societal variables just mediate technological progress, which in the first instance is basically inevitable (i.e., they are simply the medium for technological development).